Wednesday, February 13, 2019

Cortés :: History

Corts Corts, Hernn or Cortez, Hernando (1485-1547), Spanish adventurer and conqueror of the Aztec Empire of Mexico. Corts was born in Medelln, Extremadura. He examine law at the University of Salamanca, but cut short his university career in 1501 and decided to try his fortune in the New World. He sailed for Santo Domingo in the spring of 1504. In 1511 he joined the Spanish soldier and administrator Diego Velzquez in the conquest of Cuba, and subsequently became alcalde (mayor) of Santiago de Cuba. In 1518 he persuaded Velzquez, who had beco1me regulator of Cuba, to give him the command of an expedition to Mexico. The mainland had been discovered the year before by the Spanish soldier and explorer Francisco Fernndez de Crdoba and subsequently by Juan de Grijalva, nephew of Velzquez. On February 19, 1519, Corts, with a force of some 600 men, fewer than 20 horses, and 10 content pieces, set sail from Cuba, despite the cancellation of his commission by Velzquez, who had become mirt hful that Corts, once in a position to establish himself independently, would refuse to receipt his permission. Corts sailed along the coast of Yucatn and in March 1519 come in Mexico, subjugating the town of cayenne the artillery of the Spaniards, the ships, and particularly the horses filled the endemics with awe. From the natives of Tabasco Corts learned of the Aztec Empire and its ruler, Montezuma II. Corts took numerous captives, one of whom, Malinche (baptized Marina), became his bawd out of loyalty to him she acted as the interpreter, guide, and counselor for the Spaniards. Finding a relegate harbor a little north of San Juan, the Spaniards moved there and established a town, La Villa Rica de la Vera Cruz (now Veracruz). Corts organized an independent government, and renouncing the authority of Velzquez, acknowledged only the supreme authority of the Spanish crown. In gear up to prevent those of his small force who opposed this movement from deserting him and carryin g the news to Cuba, Corts destroyed his fleet. After negotiations with Montezuma, who tried to persuade Corts not to present the capital city of Tenochtitln, Corts started his famous march inland. He overcame the native Tlascalans and then formed an alliance with them against the Aztecs, their enemies. From that time until the conquest was achieved, the Tlascalans continued to be the most important of all the native allies of the Spaniards.

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