Wednesday, December 12, 2018

'Humana Case Essay\r'

'The purpose of this memo is to dismember Humana’s business model and its spin-off solution. We phone Humana’s problems were severe enough to implement restructuring intentions indoors the beau monde. First of all, Humana’s administrative cost proportionality was 16.1% and medical loss ratio stood at 85.9% (increased from 84.4% in 1991). The stock price was declining from $34.5/shargon in whitethorn 1991 to $21.63 in May 1992. In addition, the entire hospital industriousness is suffering losses in the semipermanent because of increases in operating costs, decreases in fairish hospital stays ( job rate declining to 47%, national average occupancy rate was 69%), and growing competition. The molding is diminishing and the PE ratio is lower in two industry averages. Spin-off is ideal since the hospital industry is shrinking and Humana’s profit from hospital starting signal to decline. A decision made early leave still allow Humana a high ratin g on hospital business.\r\nThe offend income statement is listed below. As presented, the after-tax net income of Humana Hospital and Health externalize are $314M and $ 41M. After we compare the asset sizes of comparable companies, we persistent that the PE ratio for the Hospital business should be 13.0x, extend to to that of National Medical Enterprises, as they are next on the asset size. The PE ratio for Health Plan business should be 17.0x, equal to the average of unite Healthcare and U.S. Healthcare, for the same reason. Thus, the value of these two businesses separate will be $4,087M and $694M. The Market value apply current PE ratio for the whole Humana Company is $3,550M. Therefore, a spin-off of these two segments (assuming tax rate is 36%) will create an extra value of somewhat $1,231M. Humana should assign most of its debt to the hospital business and go sufficient cash in the health fancy segment.\r\nAccording to the exhibits, the proportion of debt distributed to hospital and health plan is 5:1. Health Plan business could flourish itself and enjoy further profit and growth, while the hospital business could start eliminating parts that are non profitable or carries much capacity. Kaiser has 6.5 million members and 7700 beds. This instrument feeding more people into the hospitals and a higher(prenominal) occupancy ratio. Humana has 1.7 million members and 17829 beds, significantly less occupancy. twain of the hospital and health plan industries enjoy higher PE valuation ratio than Humana as a company does, which indicates that this integrating strategy doesn’t fulfill the fullest of their various(prenominal) potential.\r\nThere is no other option that’s more sensible since they all have their individual flaws. New price structure compensates their margin to plow more services, yet their hospital’s occupancy ratio will not increase and they will lose on the Medicare deals. Selling off hospitals may help gain pro fit and independence. However, it will be extremely undervalued (6.0x EBITDA ratio). Leverage buyout is not feasible all because Humana’s marketable securities are occupied, thus no sufficient fund. Stock buyback will not help Humana to deal with hospital section’s occupancy and profit great power problem. Finally, the feasibility of ESOP rest uncertain, as it didn’t measure whether employees have the ability to purchase and whether synergy has been compensated.\r\n'

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